Domestic violence is a form of abuse that occurs in the intimacy of a relationship, between partners or ex partners, living together or not. They are part of a relationship of power and domination. In a repetitive and often worsening way, they take the form of, for example, insults, humiliation, isolation, brutality, economic or psychological pressure, physical or sexual aggression.
It manifests itself in repeated malevolent acts: derogatory remarks, intimidations, insults, … that affect the mental or physical health of the victim, prevents him from working, isolates him, undermines his rights and dignity.
Rape is defined by the Penal Code (article 222-23) as any act of sexual penetration, of any kind, committed on the person of others by violence, coercion, threat or surprise. Rape is distinguished from other sexual assaults through the existence of an act of penetration that may be vaginal, anal or oral. This act can be performed with a part of the body (sex, finger …) or with an object.
Sexual assault is any sexual assault without penetration committed on a victim with violence, coercion or threat. For example, touching. If there has been penetration, it is a rape.
For sexual assault, physical contact is necessary between the perpetrator and the victim. There may be sexual assault between spouses, cohabitants or partners of PACS.
In all cases, the author did not obtain the clear and explicit consent of the victim:
- Either the victim has made a clear and explicit refusal and / or defended himself but the aggressor has exerted physical restraint on her. This is the case if there is violence.
- Either the victim did not make a clear and explicit refusal and / or did not defend themself because they were subject to a moral constraint. This is the case if the attack is based on psychological pressure, when the victim dares to say anything to the author (eg an employee and her boss).
- Either the victim was not able to give a clear answer (for example, victim under the influence of narcotics or alcohol, or vulnerable victim because of his state of health).
We try to list as much as possible the different types of aggression and violence, but unfortunately it can take many other forms. If you do not recognize yourself in this list but still feel that you are being abused, contact the Ni Putes ni Soumises Association for appropriate help and support.